The Czech capital is one of the most beautiful cities in the world with an inimitable atmosphere created by its millennium of history. Prague’s historical center has an area of 866ha (Hradčany and Prague Castle, Malá Strana, the Old Town including Charles Bridge and Josefov, the New Town and Vyšehrad). Since 1992 it has been listed by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site.
The history of Prague is long and rich. The city has been developing for more than 10 centuries. Its amazing architecture, comprising monuments of all the great historical styles from Romanesque to functionalism, is combined with a wonderful atmosphere of a modern city, which has maintained its aspect of the medieval town and its tradition. The richness of Prague, it is not only sumptuous Baroque palaces and churches, the amazing castle panorama or luxury restaurants but also romantic gardens, countryside-like nooks with cobbled streets and vivacious popular taverns. The melting pot that Prague always has been, presents a fantastic mixture of high and low culture, wealthy and picturesque architecture, sophisticated art and popular aircraft, high cultural events, and street musicians. The city is so full of life, colors, and music! An ideal place for cultural holidays as well as for leisure.
The great architecture of Prague is pleasantly combined with greenery. Larges parks, lovely baroque gardens, and several islands offer an ideal place for a relaxing walk, away from the rash of the capital city.
The old musical heritage is still alive here, being day by day enriched by the specific Slavonic and Middle- European feeling. Works by the great Czech composers such as Smetana, Dvorak, Janacek, and Martinu coexist with the international production of Kronos Quartet, Penderecki, and other stars of the contemporary music.
Prague is one of the most important centers of music, many festivals, and international competitions.
Beer for everybody
The secret of the Czech cuisine is hidden in the brewage that accompanies the food – the worldwide famous Czech beer. The tradition of brewing is 1000 years old. Czech beers offer a large variety of excellent light and tasty as well as dark and aromatic beers.
What to see
Prague represents a unique collection of historical monuments dominated by the Prague Castle which towers high above the city. It is a specimen of all artistic styles and movements. The historical core of the city is situated on both banks of the Vltava River consists of six parts – formerly independent urban units unified in the 18th century.
They are as follows:
Staré město (Old Town)
Josefov (the preserved part of the former Jewish Town, today a part of the Old Town)
Nové město (New Town)
Malá Strana (Lesser Town)
Naturally, most of the historical monuments, museums, and galleries are concentrated right there.
The most beautiful views of the city:
Smetanovo nábřeží (embankment) – Novotného lávka
The Old Town Hall Tower
The Powder Tower
The Old Town Bridge Tower
The Lesser Town Bridge Tower
St. Vitas´, St. Wenceslas´ and St. Adalbert Cathedral Tower
The Prague Castle Ramp on Hradčanské náměstí
Petřín – Lookout Tower
Letná Park – Hanavský Pavilion
Belfry of the St. Nicholas church
Žižkov TV Tower
Prague Castle – A national cultural monument, the symbol of more than millennial development of the Czech state. Since its foundation in the last quarter of the 9th century, it has been developing uninterruptedly throughout the past eleven centuries. It is a monumental complex of ecclesiastical, fortification, residential, and office buildings representing all architectural styles and periods, surrounding three castle courtyards and covering 45 hectares. Originally it used to be the residence of princes and kings of Bohemia since 1918 it is the seat of the president.
Charles Bridge – The oldest Prague bridge. Both ends of the bridge are fortified by towers (the Lesser Town Bridge Towers, the Old Town Bridge Tower). The bridge is 515 meters long and 10 meters wide.
Old Town Hall – Established 1338 as the seat of the Old Town authorities. The oldest gothic part of the complex which includes a tower and an oriel chapel is richly decorated with coats of arms. It was built in the latter half of the 14th century. In the top part of the astronomical clock (early 15th century) the 12 apostles appear every hour between 9 a.m. and 9 p.m
Petřín Hill – green directly in the Prague center. It’s great for cool, quiet walks and a superb view over the City of Hundred Spires. To go up there is a funicular or many romantic paths. On the top, you can find the famous Petrin View Tower with 299 steps (62m-high copy of the Eiffel Tower) and Petrin Labyrinth
Vyšehrad – Ancient legends situate the original seat of the Czech princes – the legendary Princess Libuse and the first Przemyslides – on the hill. Among noteworthy sight, there is the precious Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin, the gothic church of St. Peter and Paul, the Vysehrad cemetery used as a burial site of the Czech outstanding personalities.
Center for Modern and Contemporary Art – a superb collection of 19th-, 20th- and 21st-century Czech and European art.
Franz Kafka museum – The much-hyped exhibition of the life and work of Franz Kafka
Prague Zoo – not only children but also adults will be surely pleased with the visit of the Zoological Garden, which is situated in a beautiful basin of Troja During the summer months Prague Zoo in Troja offers guided tours at night, providing an unforgettable atmosphere. From Prague Zoo it is only a short walk to the botanical gardens in Troja, wherein 2004 the unique new tropical greenhouse Fata Morgana was opened.